A general surgeon’s main focus is on the abdominal organs. Despite the term “general”, these surgeons are highly skilled with years of experience. Those with training in a specialty must first complete a general surgery residency. General surgeons operate on general abdominal complaints such as appendicitis, hernias, stomach and intestinal issues.
Procedures may include:
Local anesthesia is used to numb the breast; the doctor will make a small cut over the area that needs to be biopsied.
Breast can be rebuilt using implants or tissue from other parts of the body. This surgery can be either delayed or immediate. Today most reconstructions are immediate with implants.
Laparoscopic Surgery (minimally invasive)
- General abdominal surgeries
- Gallbladder and hernia repair
- Appendectomies (removal of the appendix)
Breast Cancer Surgery
- Breast- conserving surgery- partial mastectomy, lumpectomy, and quadrantectomy
- Simple mastectomy- removal of breast only
- Skin-sparing mastectomy- this is for those considering breast reconstruction
- Modified radical mastectomy- this is a simple mastectomy with additional removal of the axillary lymph nodes
- Radical mastectomy- removal of the breast, axillary lymph nodes, and the chest wall muscle under the breast
Colon Cancer Surgery
- Partial colectomy- only part of the colon is removed
- Right colectomy or lleocolectomy- during a right colectomy, the right side of the colon is removed. During an ileocolectomy, the last segment of the small intestine is removed.
- Abdominoperineal resection- this is when the anus, rectum, and sigmoid colon are removed
- Proctosigmoidectomy- only the diseased section of the rectum and sigmoid colon are removed
- Total abdominal colectomy- this is the removal of the entire large intestines
- Total proctocolectomy- this is the most extensive bowel operation performed and involves the removal of both the rectum and the colon. Sometimes but not often the anus can remain.