Prostate Cancer: Facts and Figures

Posted Sep 5, 2014 | Posted in Diseases & Treatments

September is Prostate Cancer Awareness Month, and we want to encourage all men to take control of their health by learning about this disease. It’s important to know the risk factors and to talk to your doctor about getting a screening.

Prostate Cancer Awareness

How Common is Prostate Cancer?

After skin cancer, prostate cancer is the most common cancer for men in the world according to the American Cancer Society. In the United States, about one in seven men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer in their lifetime. In 2014, it’s projected that:

  • 233,000 new cases of prostate cancer will be diagnosed
  • 29,480 men will die of prostate cancer
Most Common Cancers in Men in the US
  • Prostate Cancer
  • Lung Cancer
  • Colorectal Cancer
Leading Causes of Cancer Death in Men in the US
  • Lung Cancer
  • Prostate Cancer
  • Colorectal Cancer

Source: CDC

What Causes Prostate Cancer?

The exact cause or causes of prostate cancer are not known. However, certain risk factors have been identified that can help someone know if they may be at a higher risk for developing prostate cancer.

  • Age. Men age 50 and older have a much higher risk of developing prostate cancer. Prostate cancer is very rare in men under 40.
  • Race. Prostate cancer is most common in African American men and is least common is Asian and Hispanic/Latino men.
  • Nationality. Prostate cancer is most common in North America, northwestern Europe, Australia, and on Caribbean islands. It is less common in Asia, Africa, Central America, and South America.
  • Family History. There are thought to be some inherited or genetic factors in prostate cancer. Men who have a father or brother with prostate cancer more than double their risk of developing it themselves.
  • Diet. The effect of diet on prostate cancer is not exactly clear, but men who consume lots of red meat and high-fat dairy, and little fruits and vegetables, tend to have a slightly higher risk of developing prostate cancer.

Much research is still being done on the causes of prostate cancer. Some other factors being studied are smoking, workplace environment, exposure to certain chemicals, obesity, inflammation of the prostate, STDs, and having a vasectomy. Research so far on these factors has not been conclusive.

Source: American Cancer Society

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